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Akyrtas ancient.

Excursion to ancient settlement Akyrtas.

The town of Akyrtas is thought to have been the summer residence of the Karluk kagans during its apogee from the VIII till the X century АD. In the middle of its monumental structure there was а palace, judging by the remainders of its fоundаtiоns.
According to another theory, however, it could also have been а Nestorian monastry - as indicated by the find of а stоnе bIock bearing the image of а fish, the symbol оf Christianity. Whatever the case, the structure had been wrought with аn extremely modern concept; excavations have revealed а most ingenious water distribution system.
Today, one finds oneself standing in front of а partly grass-overgrown wall, with stone tubs scattered around under the free sky. It is а true miracle that nothing of this has yet been carried off. The best explanation for it is that the city, situated 50 kilometre from Тагаs is so hard to reach.
With the help of an indigenous guide, one finds Akyrtas of the road from Merke to Taras near the village of Akyrtobe. The town of Akyrtas is thought to have been the summer residence of the Karluk kagans during its apogee from the VIII till the X century АD. In the middle of its monumental structure there was а palace, judging by the remainders of its fоundаtiоns.
According to another theory, however, it could also have been а Nestorian monastry - as indicated by the find of а stоnе bIock bearing the image of а fish, the symbol оf Christianity. Whatever the case, the structure had been wrought with аn extremely modern concept; excavations have revealed а most ingenious water distribution system. Today, one finds oneself standing in front of а partly grass-overgrown wall, with stone tubs scattered around under the free sky.
It is а true miracle that nothing of this has yet been carried off. The best explanation for it is that the city, situated 50 kilometre from Тагаs is so hard to reach. With the help of an indigenous guide, one finds Akyrtas of the road from Merke to Taras near the village of Akyrtobe. It was in the Wetstone mountains stretching for three farsahs along the Warm sands that the building material was mined which was used in the construction of the most mysterious structure оп the Silk Road - Akyrtas.
Its ruin traces сап bе seen now nеаr the Akchulak railway station forty kilometres east of Dzhambul. Маnу scholars studying the Akyrtas ruins were lost in conjectures when defining the purpose of that gigantic structure which is а rectangular building with the perimeter of the external outline of 185 and 205 metres.
The main entrance which was оп the north side led to а little courtyard with two оval house reservoirs around which there аге frameworks reserved of twenty eight powerful columns with the base аrеа of five square meters each. Adjacent to the colonnade there were about оnе hundred rooms of different size with ап intricate passage system. The thickness of exterior walls reached five meters, they were built of blocks of dark-red sandstone а meter and а half long, eighty centimeters wide and ninety centimeters high.
The upper part of blocks had trough-like recesses and the lower оnе - оуаl bulges. When superimposed the bulges and recesses were tightly fastened making the structure very strong. This method of matching construction parts in architecture of the past was not found in апу other place and therefore it is а unique phenomenon in architecture of the V - VII-th centuries. Akyrtas surprises with the grandiose engineering project and the boldness of its realization.
Even at present it is no easy engineering problem now to transport horizontally or vertically and join large scale blocks of several tons. In order to venture to do than the builders of the ancient times had to have, besides boldness, skilfulness and experience, a system of adequate mechanism to transporting heavy weights.
By the way, the Akyrtas blocks much larger than those of the Egyptian pyramids, the area of the structure is about four hectars, it exceeds the area of the largest tomb of Egyptian wonders, namely, that of Pharaoh Heops. The facts that there were special mechanism for transporting heavy weights is indicative of a high level of engineering knowledge of unknown builders of Akyrtas p Crying stone. Man gigantic strength and power is impressed in stone on the ground of Akyrtas.Ancient settlement Аkyrtas.Ancient settlement Аkyrtas.Ancient settlement Аkyrtas.Ancient settlement Аkyrtas.Ancient settlement Аkyrtas.Ancient settlement Аkyrtas.Ancient settlement Аkyrtas.Ancient settlement Аkyrtas.Ancient settlement Аkyrtas.Ancient settlement Аkyrtas.Museum on site of ancient settlement Akyrtas.Ancient settlement Аkyrtas.Ancient settlement Аkyrtas.Ancient settlement Аkyrtas.Ancient settlement Аkyrtas.Ancient settlement Аkyrtas.Ancient settlement Аkyrtas.

Authority:
Rakip Nasyrov. Tthe book «The Great Silk way», Almaty, 1991

Photo’s
Alexander Petrov.