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Home » Astana - northern capital Kazakhstan. Monuments of architecture and history of Astana.

Astana heart Eurasia. 4 h.

«Miracles of aviatravel: breakfast in Warsaw, Lunch in London, dinner in New York, luggage in Buenos Aire»

 Yanin Ipohorskaja.

Season: year round.
Duration: 4 hours. 
Advanced reservation: for 48 hours.

Detailed program of an excursion trip in Astana:

Excursion in Astana. Visit of the mosque of Khazrat Sultan. The mosque is located on the right river bank Ishim, near the American Embassy, near a monument the Kazakh Eli also with the Palace of Peace and Reconciliation. The main mosque of Astana is built of white marble. The second-large mosque in Central Asia after the mosque in Turkmenistan "Spirituality of the Turkmenbashi.
Construction of the cathedral mosque "Khazrat Sultan" began in Astana The building is built in classical Islamic style with application of traditional Kazakh ornaments. To Khazrat Sultan mosque can be located 5000 praying, in holidays - to 10 000 people.
The mosque "Khazrat Sultan" has the biggest dome in Kazakhstan 51 meter high and diameter in the basis of a dome of 28,1 meters. In the mosque there are also eight small domes diameters - 10,45 both 7,6 meters, and tops - 33,46 and 25, 25 meters. In corners of the mosque 4 minarets 77 meters high are placed.
After the end of an excursion to mosque, transfer to shopping mall - "Khan Shatyr". From here our excursion on Nurly Zhol avenue will begin. So behind the back of us the “Khan-Shatyr” complex created on the project of the English architect Norman Foster.
We go further, through the Gashyktar park, through an arch of the popular office building with gilded glasses to Nurly Zhol avenue, a housing estate "Vodno-zelyony Avenue", buildings of the company OA "Kazakhstan Temir Zholy" (nickname "Lighter"), business center "Emerald Quarter", a housing estate "Polar lights", a monument Astana-Bayterek. Height Astana-Bayterek of 105 meters, diameter of a sphere is 22 meters.
In a sphere the bar and the panoramic hall are located. The House of the ministries, the building of the Government of Kazakhstan, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Kazakhstan is far. The zvenue comes to an end with the residence of the president of “Ak Orda”. End excursion. 

The short information on the town of Astana.

The location of Kazakhstan's capital began as nothing more than a ford across the Esil River (also Yesil, or Ishim in Russian), close to which a settlement called Akmola emerged part of a trading route that originated on a branch of the ancient Silk Road.
Akmola was used as a staging post by travellers, and trade in cattle and merchandise from China and the towns of the Central Asian steppe flourished. Scholars differ on whether the name refers to the nearby white barrows or graves (Ak Mola) or the "white abundance"  of sheep's wool, cotton and mare's milk.
Fresh excavations on nearby Lake Buzuk suggest a settlement called Ak-Zhol (White Track) during the time of the Desht-Kypchak from the X to XII centuries AD. In 1830, the Russians established a fortress here and named il Akmolinsk.
The stronghold at first served as a shelter for the Kazakhs against attacks from warlike neighbours such as the Kalmyks, Bashkirs and Cossacks, but later on its role changed to that of an outpost in Russia's campaign to colonize the nomadic steppe peoples.
In 1838, it was captured and razed by Kenesary Kasymov, the leader of the largest Kazakh revolt against Russian colonialism. But Russia's ambitions could not be held back; Akmolinsk was rebuilt, the settlement grew in size and importance and in 1862 it obtained city status.
Mining became its predominant industry and it also became an important railway junction.

Mosque of Khazrat Sultan. Mosque of Khazrat Sultan. Mosque of Khazrat Sultan. Mosque of Khazrat Sultan. Mosque of Khazrat Sultan. Mosque of Khazrat Sultan. Mosque of Khazrat Sultan. Koran in mosque of Khazrat Sultan. Mosque of Khazrat Sultan. Mosque of Khazrat Sultan. Nurly Zhol avenue. Nurly Zhol avenue. Nurly Zhol avenue. Nurly Zhol avenue. Nurly Zhol avenue. Nurly Zhol avenue. Nurly Zhol avenue. Nurly Zhol avenue. Nurly Zhol avenue. Nurly Zhol avenue. Nurly Zhol avenue. Nurly Zhol avenue.

Note:
Author program of Alexander Petrov. Copying and introduction -  from the sanction of the author  petrovsra@mail.ru

Alexander Petrov
photos.