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The Chu-Ili mountains.

Observing excursion tour in Astana.

“Beauty is a manifestation of secret natural laws, which otherwise would have been hidden from us forever”

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

Familiarization tour in Turkestan.

Chu-Ili mountains, are northwest spurs of the ridge Zailiysky Ala-Tau, are located to Entre Rios of the rivers of Chu and Kurta, in the south are limited to the Kopinsky hollow. Extent of Chu-Ili mountains in the northwest direction of 180 kilometers, width about 60 kilometers, the maximum heights reach in the massif Anrakhay 1052 meters above sea level.
Mountains it is low-mountain, Hummockу heights of the territory of the ancient mountain system. A relief - generally low mountains located groups or small mountain ridges (Dulankara, Kulzhabas, Kindiktas, Hantau, Alaygyr, Aktau) are put by breeds of the cambrian and Devonian periods.
In the considerable territory Hummockу are widespread. Between mountains and hills extensive flat valleys and flat spaces are allocated. The winter is cold, summer hot, average annual quantity of an atmospheric precipitation of 200 - 400 mm.
From slopes of Chu-Ili mountains begin the river Ashchysu, Kopylysay, Zhingilda. Tesik, Kakpaktas and others which are filled with water for a short time (spring) they turn in the summer into dry ravines or stony courses.
The climate is droughty, vegetation dry. Mountains are located in the southern part of Kazakhstan (Almaty region and the Jambyl region), stretch from spurs of Northern Tien-Shan. People of the Stone Age inhabited East Chu-Ili approximately since the fifth millennium B.C. before the beginning of the second millennium BC.
Neolytic stone artifacts and one of the most ancient in Kazakhstan rock drawings of 3 thousand testify BC to it. At the end of the second millennium BC (the end of a bronze age) there appears and live Saky here. In the II half of the first millennium BC in Semirechye (Zhetysu) usun migrated.
In the first and second millennia of our era the region was exposed to migratory waves of other Turkic, and also Mongolian tribes. In Chu-Ili mountains petroglyphs and burials of the people living here, ruins of their dwellings, shelters for the cattle, the remains of meliorative constructions, tours at tops are numerous.
The largest archaeological centers of this area are Almala natural boundaries, Karakyr, Kogala, Kopalysay, the Tamgaly and Kolzhabasy, Hantau ridge. Average height is 1000 - 1200 meters. Chu-Ili mountains were formed of Precambrian metamorphic breeds and powerful layers of gneiss.
Their surfaces are put by sedimentary effusive breeds of the lower Paleozoic - slates, sandstones. Slopes of mountains dry, with deep gorges, the area flat, behind them Betpakdala plateau is located.

 Chu-Ili mountains, nature and sights. Chu-Ili mountains, nature and sights. Chu-Ili mountains, nature and sights. Chu-Ili mountains, nature and sights. Chu-Ili mountains, nature and sights. Chu-Ili mountains, nature and sights. Chu-Ili mountains, nature and sights. Chu-Ili mountains, nature and sights. Chu-Ili mountains, nature and sights. Chu-Ili mountains, nature and sights. Chu-Ili mountains, nature and sights. Chu-Ili mountains, nature and sights. Chu-Ili mountains, nature and sights. Chu-Ili mountains, nature and sights. Chu-Ili mountains, nature and sights. Chu-Ili mountains, nature and sights. Chu-Ili mountains, nature and sights. Chu-Ili mountains, nature and sights. Chu-Ili mountains, nature and sights. Chu-Ili mountains, nature and sights.

Authority:
M. Zhandayev. N. A Gvozdetsky, Yu. N. Golubchikov. "Mountains", World Nature series. Moscow, "Thought", 1987. http://www.paleokazakhstan.info

Photos
Alexander Petrov.