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Merv and Kunya-Urgench.

Tours on Silk way of Turkmenistan.

The brief description of a route of tour across Akhal, Dashoguz and Mary velayat on Turkmenistan:

Ashgabad - Dashoguz - town of Kunya-Urgench - historical and cultural memorial estate «Old Kunya-Urgench» - Ashgabad - Mary - Bairam-Ali - Ashgabad.

Extension of a route: 325 km.
Seasonality: All-year-round.
 The Best time for travel: from 1 of April to 30 of September.

5 days and 4 nights.

The detailed program of tour day after day on ancient monuments Old Kunya-Urgench» and  ancient Merv:

1 Day. Ashgabad.
 Arrival in Ashghabad. A meeting at the airport, transfer to hotel, accommodation. Breakfast. The beginning of excursion across Ashkhabad. Visiting of mosque Ertogrulgazy is one of the most beautiful mosques of Ashkhabad, constructed in turkish style, the biggest is in town. On a mosque there is four minarets a height of each of them of 62,22 meters In a mosque, considered the house of the God, on a ground floor there is a man's hall, on the second floor there is a female hall. In halls can simultaneously pray up to 5 000 person. At manufacturing domes and roofs of a mosque lead in quantity of 160 tons was used. Visiting of a monument of the Neutrality also known, as the Arch of the Neutrality - constructed in 1998, height of 95 meters, including 12 a meter sculpture - the highest construction in Turkmenistan with gold statue Turkmenbashi at top. In 2010 the monument has been dismantled with its carry on a today's site. Inside of a construction there is the Museum of the Neutrality consisting of 3 halls. Visiting of the state national historical museum of Turkmenistan, in halls new, constructed after acceptance of independence, the National museum valuable archeological finds of ancient history of Turkmenistan are presented. In funds of a museum - tens man-made monuments of traditional craft creativity and a folk art XVII - XIX centuries. Weaving, an embroidery, ceramics, rug weaving, products of jewellers. In total in an exposition more than 2500 exhibits. Lunch at local restaurant. After lucnh excursion in a museum of a Turkmen carpet. In a museum there are some hundreds the best samples of carpets Turkmenistan, the oldest carpet concerns to XVII century. Here there is a second-largest carpet in the world of manual work - «Golden Age Great Saparmurat Turkmenbashi» which area makes almost 301 square meters, weight - more than ton. Walk on «Track of health». It is possible to carry “Track of health” to sights of Ashkhabad "Serdar-Yoly" which is on southern slopes Kopetdag of a ridge «Asma Yoly” in 12 kilometers from town. It is the concreted foot road, length of 36 kilometers and width of 5 meters which passes on slopes Kopetdag of a ridge. On a precept of the first president each inhabitant of Ashkhabad should pass daily on this path for maintenance of the health and a tone. Rise on cable a way on one of tops of a ridge Kopetdag. Walk on vicinities and road of health «Serdar-Yoly». Survey of Ashkhabad from height of the bird's flight. Returning to Ashkhabad. Dinner. Overnight in hotel.
2 Day. Excursion on Ashgabad, visiting Old Nisa, mosques Rukhy (33 km).
Breakfast. Excursion in a museum of a Turkmen carpet. In a museum some hundreds the best samples of carpets of Turkmenistan are collected, the oldest carpet is dated XVII century. Here there is a second-largest carpet in the world a carpet of manual work - «Golden Age Great Saparmurat Turkmenbashi», the area of a carpet makes 301 square meters, the carpet - more than ton weighs. Visiting of a national museum of history of Turkmenistan, a monument of Independence of Turkmenistan, the Arch of the Neutrality, a memorial architectural ensemble "Earthquake". A lunch at local restaurant. After a lunch a trip on ancient site of ancient settlement Nisa (18 km). Ancient site of ancient settlement Nisa date I in the millenium up to BC. The site of ancient settlement consists of two fortresses: Old and New Nisa. Old Nisa was an imperial residence in Parthian, the New residence carried out functions of capital of Parthia. During existence Prthian Old Nisa referred to in honour of tsar Mitridata I under which order the town has been constructed. During this period Nisa was capital of empire, but later the capital has been transferred to Asia Minor. With arrival Sasanids Nisa has absolutely lost power, the town has been plundered and forgotten. The new stage in history Nisa begins with its ocurrence in structure Arabian Khalifats. The town again has risen, but to reach former power and could not. The beginning of final decline concerns to XI century, in 20th years of XIX century Nisa already represented ruins. The further transfer to mosque Turkmenbashi Rukhy (15 km). The mosque is located in Niyazov Kipchak's native village Saparmurata in 15 kilometers from Ashgabad. The mosque is a great architectural construction of an epoch of Saparmurata Niyazov. The total area of a mosque makes 18 000 square meters, height of a mosque - 55 meters. Near a mosque is four 80-ти a meter minaret. Capacity of a mosque for 7000 men and 3000 women. In 2006 of president Niyazov have buried in a sarcophagus which is in the center of the mausoleum. Here remains of its mother, the father and two brothers who have lost during earthquake in 1948 are based. Returning in Ashgabad, transfer to hotel. Dinner and overnight.
3 Day. Ashgabd - Mary - monuments of ancient Merv (67 km). 
Breakfast. Early transfer in the airport. At 8.00 a start in the town of Merv (40 minutes of flight). Arrival in Merv, a meeting at the airport, transfer and visiting on ancient monuments to ancient Merv. Excursion on ancient sites of ancient settlement and ruins of ancient Merv. Visiting of ancient monuments. Transfer: Mary - settlement Bairam-Ali - site of ancient settlement Abdulla-khan Kala (XV century) (32 km). Excursion on a site of ancient settlement Abdulla-khan Kala. Transfer: to fortresses Greater and Small kyz kala, walk in vicinities. Transfer: to mausoleums Askhabs (VII century), walk in vicinities, excursion to the mausoleums. Visiting of sites of ancient settlement Gyaur-kala, Erk-kala, visiting of citadel Shakhriar-ark. Visiting of a mosque and minaret Ysup Khodzha Khamadani (XIII century). Visiting of the mausoleum Sultan Sandzhar (XII century). The end of excursion across ancient Merv. Returning in Mary (35 km). Transfer in the airport, a start to Ashgabad (40 minutes). Arrival in Ashgabd, a meeting at the airport, transfer in hotel, dinner and overnight.
4 Day. Ashgabd - Dashoguz - monuments of ancient Kunya-Urgench (205 km). 
Breakfast. Early transfer in the airport. At 8.00 a start in the town of Dashoguz (40 minutes of flight). Arrival in Dashoguz, a meeting at the airport, transfer and visiting on ancient monuments to ancient Old Kunya-Urgench. Visiting of mosque Dash (1907 - 1908), mausoleums Nadzhmetdin Kubra (XIV century), Sultan Ali (XVI century) and Piryar Vali (XVII century). Transfer to historical and cultural memorial estate «Old Urgench» (3 km). Visiting of mausoleum Tyrabekh Khanum (XIV century), Kutlug Timur's minaret (XIV century), the mausoleum Sultan Tekesha (XII century), mausoleum Il Arskan (Fakhr d-dina Razi) (XII century) (time of directory 1156 - 1172), minaret Mamun (X - XI c.c.), a portal of a unknown construction (XI - XII c.c.), mosques of dynasty Sifi, visiting of fortress Kyrk-Kala. The end of excursion. Transfer: Old Urgench - Kynya-Urgench - Dashoguz (97 km). Arrival in Dashoguz, transfer to the airport (14 km), a start evening flight to Ashgabad. Arrival in Ashgabat. Meet at the airport. Transfer to hotel, accommodation, dinner and overnight.
5  Day. Ashgabat.
Transfer to airport. Departure from Ashgabat.

Photos
Alexander Petrov.