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The museum of Abay in Zhidebai.

Tours to museum of Abay in Zhidebai.

“If you follow the ancient maps written on the stars, no person will ever understand you. So if you could read these maps, would you follow them? And forever be misunderstood? Or would you close your eyes tightly and pretend to be like everyone else?” 

C. JoyBell C.

Leisure destinations in East Kazakhstan.

The house of Abay, in it lived and worked the great poet whose name became a symbol of spirituality of the Kazakh people. Here each exhibit is worthy the separate story. The house museum in Zhidebay opened in 1945 as branch of the Semipalatinsk literary memorial museum of Abay.
In 180 kilometers from Semipalatinsk in the area of Zhidebai, in 25 kilometers from the regional center of Abay district of the village Karaul. To 100-year anniversary of Abay the wintering of the poet of Zhidebai began to function as House museum.
In a threshold of 125-year anniversary of the poet in 1970 the museum was reconstructed. The architectural appearance of the building kept the original form. To 150-year anniversary of Abay in 1995 in Zhidebaye was it is constructed a majestic memorial complex which authors are the Almaty architects led by Beck Ibrayev.
Towers of a memorial are located on a platform which three tiers - as last, real, future. On the one hand - the mausoleum of Abay 32 meters and 12 meters high in the diameter, on the other hand - Shakarim mausoleum, the nephew and the pupil of Abay, same majestic towers, is 1 meter less height and in the diameter.
Together with Abay also his brother Ospan is buried, and nearby there are graves of the closest to Abay of women - mothers Ulzhan and the grandmother Zere. In eight rooms and three halls of the museum the household materials transferred by relatives and friends of Abay are presented.
Among them - the book in the Arab, Persian, Turkish, Russian languages, documentary photographs of those years, a three-stringed dombra of Abay, household items, etc. The exhibits which are of great ethnographic interest acquaint the visitor with an era of Abay.
Here photos of exiled of friends of Abay - Mikhaelis, Gross, Dolgopolov, Lobanovsky. In the museum there is small asadal - the beautiful locker inlaid with a bone for ware, capacious buffet in which transported ware during infinite movements.
In 1924 Amre Kashaubayev carried this asadal on the World Fair in Paris. Feather with an inkwell, immortalized the book "Words of Edification". Dombra, a magic melody subdued unapproachable Aygerim. An easy tarantass on which the poet left on holidays.
The wooden bed of Dilda inlaid with a bone of a curved form. It appears, in the thirties, when practically all furniture of a family of Kunanbayev disappeared inexplicably, kept this bed and in many years Nugman Utepbayev whose son Nurbulan - the famous artist - the founder of gallery of heroes of Abay returned to the museum.
This bed was decorated by diamonds and was trimmed by gold. In due time, during lifetime, Abay transferred about one hundred objects which give the chance to present a way of life of the poet and that era. In a collection there was also a bed executed in national style.
Numerous patterns decorated diamonds, rivets were made of gold. It was the gift to Abay on a wedding. In revolutionary chaos gemstones and gold seemed to unknown expropriators whose names did not remain in the history, more expensive than memory of the great tribesman.
The unique piece of furniture was plundered. Years later in the house of Abay opened the museum, transferred a bed to the museum.

The memorable places connected with life of Abay of Kunanbayev:

The natural boundary Oykudyk - settlement of the beloved wife of Abay of Aygerim. Here in 1917 in two integrated yurts of the son of Abay of the Tourist's Agul the curtain of the first steppe theater was lifted.
Shilikty area kesen - the meeting place of Abay with Aygerim.
The natural boundary Akshoky - patrimonial winter quarters of Kunanbayev. Here ashes of the father of Abay - Kunanbaya, Mukhtar grandfather - Auez, the brother of Abay - Iskak, sons of the poet - Abdrakhman, Magavyi are based.

The reserve museum "Ridebai" includes in 6 400 hectares:

House museum of Abay (from eight rooms) with an exposition;
The mausoleum complex "Abay - Shakarim" where ashes of Abay and Ospan (the brother of Abay) are based, Shakarim (the nephew of Abay) - Akhat (son Shakarim) and Erkezhan (the wife of Abay).
At a mausoleum complex the mosque which is its integral part functions.
In a zone of a mausoleum complex there are Kudayberda's burials (the brother of Abay), Zere (the grandmother of Abay), Ulzhan (mother of Abay).

In house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.Environs of house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.In house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.In house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.Environs of house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.In house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.In house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.Environs of house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.In house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.In house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.Environs of house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.In house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.In house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.Environs of house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.In house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.In house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.Environs of house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.In house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.In house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.Environs of house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.In house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.In house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.Environs of house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.In house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.In house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.Environs of house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.In house museum of Abay in the natural boundary of Zhidebai.

Authority:
"Monuments to Central Asia". Author M. Hashimov. Saga publishing house, 2001

Photos by
Alexander Petrov.