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Silk Road - Turkmenistan.

Tours on ancient town of Turkmenistan.

The brief description of a route of tour across Turkmenistan from Kunya-Urgench to ancient Merv:

Check point “Shavat” - Dashoguz - settlement Boldumsaz - town of Kunya-Urgench - historical and cultural memorial estate «Old Kunya-Urgench» - Ashgabad - settlement Kaka - town of Tedzhen - Mary - Bairam-Ali - Ashgabad.

Extension of a route: 1212 km.
Seasonality: All-year-round.
 The Best time for travel: from 1 of April to 30 of September.

6 days and 5 nights.

The detailed program of tour day after day on historical and cultural memorial estate «Old Urgench» and in the ancient town of Margush:

1 Day. A check point “Shavat” - Kunya-Urgench - Dashoguz - Ashgabad (222 km).
The Meeting on a check point “Shavat”. Transfer: a check point «Shavat» - town of Dashoguz - Kunya-Urgench (108 km). Arrival in Kunya-Urgench. A lunch at local restaurant. Visiting of mosque Dash (1907 - 1908), mausoleums Nadzhmetdin Kubra (XIV century), Sultan Ali (XVI century) and Piryar Vali (XVII century). Transfer to historical and cultural memorial estate «Old Urgench» (3 km). Visiting of mausoleum Tyrabekh Khanum (XIV century), Kutlug Timur's minaret (XIV century), the mausoleum Sultan Tekesha (XII century), mausoleum Il Arskan (Fakhr d-dina Razi) (XII century) (time of directory 1156 - 1172), minaret Mamun (X - XI c.c.), a portal of a unknown construction (XI - XII c.c.), mosques of dynasty Sifi, visiting of fortress Kyrk-Kala. The end of excursion. Transfer: Old Urgench - Kynya-Urgench - Dashoguz (97 km). Arrival in Dashoguz, transfer to the airport (14 km), a start evening flight to Ashgabad. Arrival in Ashgabat. Meet at the airport. Transfer to hotel, accommodation, dinner and overnight.
2 Day. Ashgabad - settlement Anau - village Kaakha - site of ancient settlement Abiverd - town of Tezhen - settlement Parahat - Mary (381 km).
Breakfast. Departure from Ashgabad in 6 o'clock in the AM. Transfer: Ashgabd - settlement Anau - mosque Seyit Dzhamal-Etdin (20 km.) arrival to ruins of ancient mosque Seyit Dzhamal-Etdin (the rests of architectural architecture Timurids of XV century), excursion on ruins of a mosque, walk in vicinities. Transfer: mosque Seyit Dzhamal-Etdin - settlement Kaakha - ruins of site of ancient settlement Abiverd (108 km). Arrival on site of ancient settlement Abiverd, visiting of a site of ancient settlement, walk in vicinities. The further transfer: site of ancient settlement Abiverd - site of ancient settlement Ulud depe - tomb Malik Adzhar Palvan (55 km). Visiting of ruins of site of ancient settlement Ulug depe, walk on vicinities. Transfer to tomb Malik Adzhar Palvan (1,5 km). Excursion in vicinities of a religious monument, descent to a burial place. Transfer: tomb Malik Adzhar Palvan - settlement Tedzhen - town Mary (197 km). Arrival in Mary, transfer to hotel, accommodation. A lunch at local restaurant. After a lunch excursion on ancient sites of ancient settlement and ruins of ancient Merv. Visiting of ancient monuments. Transfer: Mary - settlement Bairam-Ali - site of ancient settlement Abdulla-khan Kala (XV century) (32 km). Excursion on a site of ancient settlement Abdulla-khan Kala. Transfer: to fortresses Greater and Small kyz kala, walk in vicinities. Transfer: to mausoleums Askhabs (VII century), walk in vicinities, excursion to the mausoleums. Visiting of sites of ancient settlement Gyaur-kala, Erk-kala, visiting of citadel Shakhriar-ark. Visiting of a mosque and minaret Ysup Khodzha Khamadani (XIII century). Visiting of the mausoleum Sultan Sandzhar (XII century). The end of excursion across ancient Merv. Returning in Mary (35 km). A dinner and overnight in hotel
3 Day. A trip on site of ancient settlement Gonur-depe (250 km). 
Breakfast. A trip on excursion in the ancient country Margush (125 km, from them the road passes of 50 kilometers on desert). Lunch on the way. Visiting and excursion on ancient excavation of capital of the ancient country Gonur depe. Returning in Mary, on a way visiting Prthian fortresses and a caravan-serai Gebekly. Arrival in Mary, visiting of a town ethnographic museum. Dinner and overnight in hotel.
4 Day. Mary - settlement Dushak - mausoleum Abu Said - Ashgabad (326 km). 
Breakfast. Transfer: Mary - settlement Dushak - mausoleum Abu Said (95 km). Excursion to the mausoleum, walk in vicinities. Transfer: mausoleum Abu Said - settlement Dushak - settlement Tadzhen - Ashgabad (231 km). A lunch in a way. Arrival in Ashkhabad, transfer to hotel, accommodation, a dinner. Evening walk on Ashgabad. Returning in hotel, overnight.
5 Day. Excursion on Ashgabad, visiting Old Nisa, mosques Rukhy (33 km).
Breakfast. Excursion in a museum of a Turkmen carpet. In a museum some hundreds the best samples of carpets of Turkmenistan are collected, the oldest carpet is dated XVII century. Here there is a second-largest carpet in the world a carpet of manual work - «Golden Age Great Saparmurat Turkmenbashi», the area of a carpet makes 301 square meters, the carpet - more than ton weighs. Visiting of a national museum of history of Turkmenistan, a monument of Independence of Turkmenistan, the Arch of the Neutrality, a memorial architectural ensemble "Earthquake". A lunch at local restaurant. After a lunch a trip on ancient site of ancient settlement Nisa (18 km). Ancient site of ancient settlement Nisa date I in the millenium up to BC. The site of ancient settlement consists of two fortresses: Old and New Nisa. Old Nisa was an imperial residence in Parthian, the New residence carried out functions of capital of Parthia. During existence Prthian Old Nisa referred to in honour of tsar Mitridata I under which order the town has been constructed. During this period Nisa was capital of empire, but later the capital has been transferred to Asia Minor. With arrival Sasanids Nisa has absolutely lost power, the town has been plundered and forgotten. The new stage in history Nisa begins with its ocurrence in structure Arabian Khalifats. The town again has risen, but to reach former power and could not. The beginning of final decline concerns to XI century, in 20th years of XIX century Nisa already represented ruins. The further transfer to mosque Turkmenbashi Rukhy (15 km). The mosque is located in Niyazov Kipchak's native village Saparmurata in 15 kilometers from Ashgabad. The mosque is a great architectural construction of an epoch of Saparmurata Niyazov. The total area of a mosque makes 18 000 square meters, height of a mosque - 55 meters. Near a mosque is four 80-ти a meter minaret. Capacity of a mosque for 7000 men and 3000 women. In 2006 of president Niyazov have buried in a sarcophagus which is in the center of the mausoleum. Here remains of its mother, the father and two brothers who have lost during earthquake in 1948 are based. Returning in Ashgabad, transfer to hotel. Dinner and overnight.
6  Day. Ashgabat.
Transfer to airport. Departure from Ashgabat.Mausoleum of Sultan Tekesh (XII c.).Wall of the mausoleum.Medrese Dash Mechet (1910).Mausoleum Kubra.Minaret Mymyn (X - XI centuries) and a mosque-zhuma. Date of construction of 1011.

Photos
Alexander Petrov.