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Home » Osh region nature. High-mountainous places of interest of Kyrgyzstan valleys.

The geographical position of Lenin peak.

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“I like geography best, he said, because your mountains & rivers know the secret. Pay no attention to boundaries” 

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Lenin Peak, 7134.3 meters high above sea level, is located in the middle of the Zaalaysky ridge and is its main peak. In the west, the peak connects with Dzerzhinsky peak, 6713 meters above sea level, in the east, through the Krylenko pass, 5820 meters above sea level, with the ridge of Unity peak, 6673 meters above sea level.
In the south, in the spur of the massif of Lenin Peak, there is peak 6852, named in 1974 by the name of Marshal Zhukov (Racek, 1974). From the northern slopes of the Lenin Peak massif, a glacier of the same name flows with western and eastern sources 9 km in length, with the western source being the main one.
Glaciers Big (in the east) and Small (in the west) Saukdara flow from the southern slopes of the peak. On the southern and northern slopes of the Zaalaysky ridge in the area of ​​Lenin Peak, extremely characteristic traces of the previous, more powerful than modern glaciation are traced.
On the side of the Lenin Glacier, in some places, the outcrops of ancient bottom moraines resembling Gothic castles with sharp spiers, or high, washed out by surface waters, pyramids from crushed and transferred from the watershed crest of Paleozoic limestones (melonitized rocks - tectonic breccia) are exposed.
The top of Lenin peak rises above the source of the glacier of the same name, the excess is an average of 3000 meters above sea level. Both the northern and southern slopes of the peak are covered with glaciers and thick strata of firn snow.
The steepness of the slopes reaches 45 - 55 °. The slopes are cut with deep cracks. Avalanches and ice falls are frequent. Atmospheric pressure at an altitude of 7134 meters above sea level is 290 mm Hg versus 760 mm at sea level.
On the snowy slopes of the peak, the effect of ultraviolet radiation is especially strong. Due to low humidity and burning sun rays, unprotected skin, especially mucous membranes, dry out and crack, causing significant pain.
The massif of Lenin Peak, like all the northern slopes of the Zaalaysky ridge, is composed of limestones, shales and sandstones. In 1950, corals of the Lower Permian age were found on the eastern ridge at about 6,700 meters above sea level, and samples of the Mesozoic fauna in the form of plicenoids and corals were collected on one of the peaks of the Achik-Tash mountains (the northern foot of the Zaalai ridge).
Until 1948, it was believed that the height of the Lenin peak is 7127 meters above sea level. Conducted topographic work specified the height of the peak. It turned out that the mark 7127 meters refers to the northern point of the peak dome, where the bust of V.I. Lenin and there is a traditional tour with notes of climbers.
From this point in the south stretches a slightly rising wide ridge covered with destroyed rocks. It ends after about 250 - 300 meters with a group of low rocks. This is the highest point of Lenin Peak at an altitude of 7134.3 m above sea level.
The difference in latitude between the north and south points is 20 seconds, which is one second in 12 meters is equal in the area of ​​240 - 260 meters. An array of Lenin Peak is viewed from different points of the Alai Range and the Eastern Pamirs.
First of all, it can be observed from the crest of the Taldyk pass, 3,650 meters above sea level, at the intersection of the Alai Range on the way from Osh to the Alai Valley. From here, Lenin Peak is visible in its northeastern slope and has the appearance of a rather pointed peak, sharply raised above the Zaalai Range.
From the Alai Valley, Lenin Peak is clearly visible 1 to 2 kilometers south of the village of Sary-Tash and further throughout the Alai Valley. Lenin Peak from the south (from the coast of Karakul Lake) appears as a very gentle peak.
Besides:
1. The definition of samples was made in 1951 by the doctor of geological and mineralogical sciences N.P. Vasilkovsky and candidate of geological and mineralogical sciences A.G. Babaev (now a corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the Uzbek SSR)
.2. The first ascent to the southern peak, 7134.3 meters high above sea level, apparently, was made by V.I. Ratsek in 1950. The author does not have other data, and judging by the bust and the tour installed on the northern peak (7127 m), the first climbers climbed only to this point. In addition, it was only in 1950 that topographers established the presence of a southern peak, which the author already knew.
The top of Lenin Peak is clearly visible from any pan-frame point of the East and Southwest Pamirs and the Alai Range.

Authority:
V. I. Racek, “The Five Highest Peaks of the USSR”, Uzbekistan Publishing House, Tashkent, 1975.

Photos
Alexander Petrov.