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Glade of Castles on Charyn.

Take a trip to Kazakhstan Altai.

“As soon as man seeks to penetrate the secrets of nature - in which nothing is secret and it is but a question of seeing - he realizes that the simple produces the supernatural”

Honore de Balzac.

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The traditional canyon on the river Charyn, begins from east part of the mountains Toruaygyr. The mountain Toruaygyr were stretched on 48 kilometers about the West on the East on a left bank of the river Charyn.
Mountains from the left river bank Chilik begin, slightly to the south of the Bartogay reservoir and extend to that place where the main canyon of Charyn begins. Having begun descent in a canyon, and having made interesting, informative and fascinating walk 2600 meters long we will finish this fascinating travel at the river Charyn.
This place is also the Glade of Locks. It is one of the most picturesque and remarkable places in the neighborhood of a grandiose Charyn canyon. This unique place attracted tourists and travelers even before opening of the national natural park here.
The first time we visited this place in 1981. It really was the primitive, wild nature. Here in a set not frighten foxes roamed, korsak, tolai hare (Lepustolai), mountain goats, colonies of great gerbils (Rhombomys). We reached by bus to the place where the turn towards a canyon on the highway Almaty - Narynkol began and 11 kilometers went on tracks along the mountains Toruaygyr towards a canyon.
Then it seemed to me that the earth disclosed the depths before us, we looked down and it seemed to us that the canyon represents bottomless, improbable depth an abyss and there coiling sulfur, the raging tape the river in a frame of green riparian forests rolled the waters.
There were not enough words to describe this show. Everyone who visited here easily will understand our amazement. Today there come many tourists who having appeared on the edge of a canyon, admire to the magnificence which opened before them.
Glade of Castles on Charyn  is located in the territory of Raimbek and Enbekshikazakh districts of Almaty region in the valley of the river Charyn and is in the territory of Charyn natural national park. Extent of the Glade of Castles on Charyn, from the South on the North, makes - 190 meters and about the West on the East of 113 meters.
Charyn canyon opens for us several eras of geological history of Earth, a huge range of geological features of a structure of the land surface and Earth is considered one of the brightest an example of processes of an erosion on the planet.
Within the walls of the Charyn canyon it is possible to see several layers of mountain sedimentary breeds age about 2 million years. The majority of geological breeds were formed during the different periods of formation of the land surface.
History of formation of the Charyn canyon began with a Pliocene (from ancient Greek newer, modern) eras of the Neogene Period which began 5,333 million years ago and ended 2,588 million years ago. The era of a Pliocene is preceded by a Miocene era, and a follower is the pleistocene era.
About 3 million years ago, Charyn flew into the Ili lake near the valley Kegen. Coast of the Ili lake then came nearer to northern spurs of Mountains Terskey Alatau. Since the end of a Pliocene, in process of growth of ridges Ketmen, Kuluktau, Zailiysky Alatau and Kungey Alatau, the Ili lake receded on the North, and about about 2,5 million years ago completely disappeared.
Deposits of sands, boulders and stones which brought mud streams and the rivers from mountains, forming the plain which is cut through by numerous river courses began to block the former bottom of the lake. In a pleistocene during the powerful tectonic impulse which began 1 800 000 years ago which accelerated growth of ridges of Northern Tien-Shan.
River streams in the valley Kegen increased and began to concentrate in one course - the river Charyn. Thus, the canyon on the flat river valley with steep slopes began to be formed. Approximately in too time the ridge Toraygyr which also evenly to the eminence was actively formed by the river Charyn began to be formed and increase in height.
The river Charyn gradually laid the real course to the modern Ili valley. On steep slopes of a canyon sea and land deposits are presented. In Charyn canyons thanks to a rare combination of geological factors it is possible to meet interesting fossils of the died-out representatives of flora and fauna (mastodons, elephants, rhinoceroses, Stenon horse, a hyena, etc.).
Thanks to the provision of a canyon between deserts, and also because of influence of the large mountain system of Northern Tien-Shan and existence of ecological contrast habitats for vegetation in the park high degree biological a variety is observed.
There are seven types of vegetation: steppe, desert, shrubby, forest, riparian woodland, meadow and marsh. Walls of the Charyn canyon give an evident and practical idea of untouched section of crust with various geological features and types of breeds from the remains of fossils which were pressed into many layers of breeds, are the evidence of change of life on the earth for many millions of years.
The river Charyn cut out nearly 1 million 800000 years of geological history of Earth.

Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.Sights of the Glade of Castles on Charyn canyon.

Authority:
Alexander Petrov, Alexander Babkin ttp://paleokazakhstan.info

Photos
Alexander Petrov.