Вы здесь

Главная » Gorno-Badakhshan autonomous region nature. Climbing in the Pamir.

Yazgulem ridge.

Horse-riding expedition in Tajikistan.

"I will not see you soon,
But I firmly believe in one thing:
You love the blue mountains
Tops covered with ice"

Yuri Vizbor. 1956.

Hiking season in Pamir mountains.

The Yazgulem ridge is located in the Western Pamirs, in the Murgab region of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region of Tajikistan, between the valleys of the Mazardara, Yazgulem and Tanymas, Kudara, Bartang rivers.
This ridge has a curving ridge line; its slopes are deeply dissected by river valleys. According to the height and nature of glaciation, the Yazgulemsky ridge is divided into two parts. The western part, 128 kilometers long, stretches along the Yazgulem River, from the Panj River valley to the upper reaches of the Rakzou River, and has average elevations of 5370 meters above sea level, the highest point is Woodor Peak 6132 meters above sea level.
The eastern part, 42 kilometers long, borders the upper reaches of the Fedchenko and Grumm-Grzhimailo glaciers from the south. In the southwest it is limited by the valley of the Pyanj River, in the northeast - by the bend of the Tanymas River.
In the north, the ridge of the Academy of Sciences adjoins the ridge. The length of the ridge is about 170 kilometers. The highest point is the peak of the Revolution, 6974 meters above sea level. The southwestern part of the ridge, up to the peak of Lyapnazar, is significantly inferior in height to the northeastern one, where there are about 90 peaks above 5000 meters above sea level and 20 peaks above 6000 meters above sea level.
The most significant spurs extend to the south - Torvarh (23 kilometers long), between the Yazgulemdara and Khabarvivhats rivers (25 kilometers), to the west - between the Mazardara and Rakzou rivers (25 kilometers), to the north - the Cold Wall (30 kilometers) and to the east - spur with a turn to the south along the Tanymas river valley (22 kilometers).
The snow line on the northern slopes of the ridge is located at an altitude of 4400 - 4850 meters above sea level, on the southern slopes of the ridge - at an altitude of 4500 - 4900 meters above sea level. The total area of ​​glaciation is about 4380 square kilometers.
The largest glaciers and the most powerful glaciation are located in the eastern part of the ridge. Here, from the base of the peak of the Revolution, the largest Pamir glaciers - Fedchenko and Grumm-Grzhimailo - start, the Yazgulem and Rakzou glaciers are located in the upper reaches of the Yazgulem river, and the complex valley glaciers Khabarvivharts, Yazgulemdara and Bashurvdara flow to the south.
The upper reaches of almost all of these glaciers are interconnected, forming continuous firn fields at the junction of the Academy of Sciences, Yazgulemsky ridge and its northern spurs.
The glaciation area of ​​the eastern part of the ridge is 497.3 square kilometers. On the northern slope of 133 glaciers with an area of ​​343.1 square kilometers. The bottoms of the valleys and lower parts of the slopes in the southern and western parts are covered with mountain wormwood deserts, up to 4000 meters above sea level - steppe, desert vegetation and alpine meadows, above - the nival zone. In the ridge and its spurs 7 passes are known above 6000 meters above sea level, about 30 - at a height of 5000 - 6000 meters above sea level, over 60 - at a height of 4000 - 5000 meters above sea level and about 15 passes at a height of 4000 meters above sea level (from 9 of them along the Bartang River).

"Glaciers." L.D. Dolgushin, G.B. Osipova. Series "Nature of the world." Moscow, the publishing house "Thought". 1989.

Photos by
Alexander Petrov.