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Zhangeldin Alibi (1884 - 1953).

Kazakhstan private tour.

"Hero worship is most developed where respect for human freedom is least developed."

Herbert Spencer.

The History Kazakhstan.

Alibi Togzhanovich Zhangeldin - revolutionary, participant in the civil war. Born in 1884 in the village of Koidaul, Turgai region, in a poor yurt. With difficulty he received his primary education. Then he studied at the Orenburg Spiritual consistory.
But Alibi very soon realized that he had other goals in life. He leaves for Moscow, where he soon meets revolutionary-minded students, is intensely engaged in self-education, reads Marxist literature. It was during this period that he developed a passionate desire to know the world, to get acquainted with the life of other peoples.
In July 1910, he embarks on a long journey that lasted almost two and a half years. Soon after returning from this trip, in 1915, at the height of the First World War, Alibi Zhangeldin in Petrograd joined the ranks of the RSDLP (b).
During these years he became a real internationalist, a fearless fighter against tsarism. And when in 1916 the Kazakh people, together with other peoples of Central Asia, entered into the national liberation struggle against tsarism, war and feudal-bai exploitation, Alibi Zhangeldin, together with Amangeldy Imanov, led an armed uprising in Turgai.
After the overthrow of tsarism, Alibi Zhangeldin left for Petrograd, where he established ties with the Bolsheviks. In the summer of 1917, he returned to his native land as an instructor of the Petrograd Soviet. A. Zhangeldin speaks at rallies and meetings, agitating against the Provisional Government, doing a great job of agitating in favor of the Bolshevik Party.
After the victory of the Great October Socialist Revolution, in December 1917, Alibi Zhangeldin was appointed temporary commissar of the Turgai region. In April 1918, the Turgai Regional Executive Committee sent a delegation led by Zhangeldin to Moscow to receive weapons, ammunition and money.
On May 14, 1918, Zhangeldin was appointed Extraordinary Military Commissar of the Steppe Territory. In June, he again comes to Moscow. At his disposal, 68 million rubles were allocated for Turkestan and the Turgai region, as well as weapons, ammunition, medicines.
To deliver this most important cargo, the International Detachment was created, which arrived at the beginning of August 1918 in Astrakhan, in order to begin a campaign from here across the waterless steppes to help the soldiers fighting the counter-revolution.
The red horsemen of Zhangeldin's detachment traveled almost three thousand kilometers across the desert. On November 11, 1918, they arrived at the Chelkar station and handed over weapons and ammunition to the command of the Orenburg Front.
Alibi Zhangeldin took an active part in the preparation and work of the I Constituent Congress of Soviets of Kazakhstan, which proclaimed, in accordance with Lenin's decree of August 26, 1920, the creation of the Kazakh Republic.
The congress elected him a member of the Presidium of the first composition of the Central Executive Committee of the Republic. Alibi Zhangeldin represented the party organization of Kazakhstan at the I All-Russian meeting of communist organizations of the peoples of the East in January 1921.
For a number of years, Alibi Zhangeldin was deputy chairman of the Kazakh Central Executive Committee, deputy chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Kazakh SSR, people's commissar of social security, chairman of the "Koshchi" Union.
When the Great Patriotic War broke out, Alibi Zhangildin submitted an application with a request to send him to the front. But his experience and knowledge were needed in the rear. He devoted a lot of effort and energy to work on the formation of military units and formations on the territory of Kazakhstan, days and nights he was engaged in the placement of people and equipment evacuated to Kazakhstan from the occupied western regions of the country, carried out a lot of political and propaganda work among young communists and soldiers going to the front.
Alibi Dzhangildin was awarded the Order of Lenin. Alibi Zhangeldin died in 1953.

A. Dzhangildin (center) - participant in the civil war. Kostanay, 1918. Photo from the personal archive of A.E. Tikhanovsky.