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Avesta Museum in Khiva.

Excursions to museums of Khiva.

"Culture arises when a great soul awakens and emerges from the primitive souls of humanity."

Oswald Spengler.

Khiva museums.

The Avesta Museum is located in the Matpanbay Madrasah on Palvan Kori Street opposite the Juma Mosque in the towny of Khiva, Khorezm region. According to one of the legends, the texts of the "Avesta" were created in Khorezm, on the territory of the town of Khiva, therefore it was decided to open a museum of this sacred book in the town.
In 2001, a museum dedicated to the book "Avesta" was opened in the building of the madrasah The sacred book is a valuable historical source for scientists, it sheds light on the peculiarities of the structure of the states of Central Asia and the East, culture, traditions, and everyday life of the inhabitants.
To draw attention to its importance and to spread knowledge about the history of the country, the characteristic features of its development, expositions telling about the "Avesta" began to be created. According to the texts of the book, Ahuramazda is the main god, the creator of all things, chose Zarathustra (Zoroaster) as the founder of the religion, he gave him the revelation, which became the basis of the Avesta. Texts in the ancient Iranian language (Avestinian) were applied to the skins of oxen with gold ink.
Subsequently, most of them were destroyed by order of Alexander the Great, who attacked Ancient Persia. After that, work was carried out to collect the surviving written sources and oral traditions, the result of this long process was an orderly redaction of texts, consisting of 21 books.
Translation into Middle Persian was also done. The "Avesta" that has survived to this day consists of 5 books. It tells about the philosophical views of the doctrine, its values, the structure of society, architecture and other features of that time.
In the Khiva Museum, visitors will be able to get acquainted with the peculiarities of one of the most ancient religions, with the role of books in the development of world culture. This small museum also displays archaeological artifacts and the history of the Navruz holiday, which is mentioned in the Avesta.
A museum telling about the history of Zoroastrianism can also be seen in the neighboring city of Urgench. It is located on the territory of a park complex, in which a majestic monument was erected, which is a symbol of fire - among the Zoroastrians, it was considered an image of God on earth.
The park also has an amphitheater, where ceremonial events and concerts are held, and the museum premises are located below it. The exposition contains both sections devoted to the history of religion and halls in which you can see important archaeological finds that give an idea of ​​the life and culture of people who lived in ancient times on the territory of modern Uzbekistan.
The total number of exhibits in the museum is 145. Of these, 85 are in the fund and 60 in the auxiliary fund.
Geographic coordinates of the Avesta Museum in Khiva: N41 ° 22'40.56 " E60°21'36,48"


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