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Hapuz settlement.

Guide to monuments of Turkmenistan.

"The gains are more extensive, the it is more convenient to keep them by means of a settlement of colonies"


To the south of monuments of the Geoksyur oasis there is a settlement of Hapuz existing during all the III millennium.
The settlement occupies the space about 10 hectares and towers on 7 meters over the area.
Here geoksyur moved after the northern part of the ancient delta of Tedzhen dried up, and in the neighborhood of Hapuz some channels continued to work.
Finally life left together with water in the first half of the II millennium from here BC.
Hapuz (the area - nearly 10 hectares, height of the settlement is 7 meters) рас­положен in 18 kilometers to the South from the ancient settlement Chong-depe.
The settlement находи­лось in a bend of the course having width on average of 60 meters.
This ancient riverbed of Tedzhen is still well visible from the earth, and still it is filled with water lodge spring rains.
While the northern part of the ancient delta of Tedzhen already dried up, in the southern part channels (on which Hapuz arrangement) continued to work even more one thousand of years.
The hole, opened ceramics of geoksyur style (time of Nayomazga of III) in the lower layer of Hapuz.
There were complexes, corresponding Nayomazga of the IV - V above. Means, having left the settlements in an oasis, geoksyur moved on Hapuz and lived there, in a continuation all the of the III millennium BC. In the first half of the II millennium BC life was on the small site of the settlement, but soon it decayed and there.
Hapuz finally became empty. The reason for that бы­ло, probably, the continuing change of the water mode of Tedzhen.
Local peoples Hapuz lived in multiroom houses and constructed crypts for collective burials.
Ware they are production already partially on a potter's wheel and burned it in difficult two-story horns.
Generally, resettlement from the Geoksyur oasis continued and to live on a new places as well as before.

< "History and archeology of the Southern Turkmenistan". Noskov.