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Registan Square in Bukhara.

Tours to historical monuments in Bukhara.

“That was the day the ancient songs of blood and war spilled from a hole in the sky
And there was a long moment as we listened and fell silent in our grief and then one by one, we stood tall and came together and began to sing of life and love and all that is good and true
And I will never forget that day when the ancient songs died because there was no one in the world to sing them” 

Brian Andreas.

Bukhara - City Guide.

Registan Square, located to the west of the Arch (Archpriest of the Bukhara rulers) - in the past - a developed city center. In the old days before Ark there was a large lowland, at the bottom of which people gathered, who began to wear sand and fill up the lowland, destroying the lake and forming an area, hence the name Registan Square (reg - sand).
Here were located the office buildings, palaces, mosques and trade sections of the bazaar. A hospital (Dar al-Shifa) was also located on the territory of the square, where patients could receive medicines (dori) and diet food for treatment.
The hospital building resembled a madrasa, (educational institution). Here doctors were trained. There were also wards for bedridden patients, an ambulatory and a pharmacy. Until the XIII century. administrative buildings of ministries and palaces were located on Registan Square, and then it was surrounded by markets.
From the XVIth century, Rasta and Taki - Tirgaron trade shops were located at the entrance to the Registan, where gunsmiths sold their production. In the center of the square there were rows: Taki - Org - Furushon and Tim, where hats and cotton fabrics were sold.
Also on the square were trading in meat, cereals, unusual goods, paper and ink, cattle, melons and watermelons, wooden dishes and other things. Opposite the Arch, there was a large bazaar - Bozori Respon, part of which was located in circles around the house (pond).
There were public competitions, executions. At the end of the Arch there were weapon shops, a reception room for the commander-in-chief, as well as a large Poyand Madrasah and Dar ash-Shifa Madrasah. The only surviving monument on Registan Square is the Bolo House complex.
The complex consists of a reservoir, a Friday mosque and a minaret. Friday Mosque Bolo-House is located opposite the Arch - the Emir's fortress and served its inhabitants. They say that Emir Shahmurad (1785 - 1800) built a mosque for public prayers, because he liked to be closer to his people.
The most ancient part of the complex is a reservoir (House), which is called Bolo-House ("children's reservoir"). This reservoir is one of the few preserved in Bukhara. Registan Square in Bukhara was built before the time of the Arab conquest. In ancient times it contained administrative buildings and palaces.
Capital punishments also took place in Registan Bukhara. In more modern times it was used as a central marketplace. Here one could buy fabric, cattle, produce, carpets, and many other products. It was a colorful, teeming, noisy bazaar.
Today, on a tour of Bukhara, one can still admire the exquisite architecture typical of Bukhara buildings. The Bolo-khauz Madrassah, elegant yet colorful, and luxurious in detail and design, is very picturesque, reflecting majestically in the clear water of the pond.

Registan Square in Bukhara.Registan Square in Bukhara.Registan Square in Bukhara.

V.G Saakov «History of Bukhara». Publishing house "Shark", 1996. «Bukhara. Masterpieces of the Central Asia». The historical guidebook across Bukhara. 2012. "Bukhoro. Bukhara" In the Uzbek, English and Russian languages. Publishing house "Uzbekistan", Tashkent 2000. Mukhammad Narkshakhi. History of Bukhara. Tashkent. 1897 (translator N.Lykoshina). V.G.Saakov  "Architectural masterpieces of Bukhara. A Bukhara regional society "Kitabhon" Uzbek SSR, Exactly 1991 Robert Almeev. "History of ancient Bukhara". (Under edition of the Academician of the Academy of sciences of Republic Uzbekistan of Rtveladze E.V.)

Alexander Petrov.