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Zhusandal steppe.

Flora of steppes of Kazakhstan.

“My journey has been extremely successful. I am writing to you from a height of 9,000 feet, in the neighborhood of eternal glaciers and snows, but surrounded by such a luxurious flower garden of the rarest and most beautiful plants that in the first days, having risen here, I walked without a hat, filled with an involuntary feeling of reverent delight.

Grigory Silych Karelin. "Dzungarian Alatau". 1843.

Steppes of Almaty region.

The Zhusandala steppe is located at an altitude of 415 meters above sea level in the northwestern part and 785 meters above sea level in the southeastern part, located between the Zheltau mountains in the north, the Taukum desert in the east, the Zhambyl, Khantau, Mayzharylgan mountains and the Anyrakai mountains in south on the territory of the Kordai region in the western part of the Zhambyl region and the Zhambyl region in the north-west of the Almaty region.
The Zhusandaly steppe stretches from the southeast to the northwest for 164 kilometers, the maximum width in the northwestern part reaches 42 kilometers. To the north of the areas of the low-hill and low-mountain relief of the Anyrakai Mountains, the Zhusandalinskaya denudation plain (peneplain) extends.
Occupying a vast territory in the east of the Betpakdala desert, it is represented by high, medium, low and undulating relief. Low and medium rugged plains are located at absolute levels from 300 - 400 meters above sea level, and sections of high plains at an altitude of 420 - 430 meters above sea level.
The denudation plain was formed on the effusive-sedimentary rocks of the Paleozoic as a result of prolonged denudation over millions of years; the time of its formation until the Late Cretaceous. The plain is characterized by weak dissection and in the past was the habitat of numerous herds of saiga and goitered gazelles, which are now preserved only in the valley of the Chu River.
For pastoral nomads, this plain is of great value as a vast area of winter pastures. It is passable in any direction, but movement along it is limited due to the lack of drinking water. The most ancient accumulative plains are preserved in the northern part of the region.
This is the early Quaternary alluvial Akdala plain. Its surface lies at absolute elevations of 450 - 525 meters above sea level and is slightly inclined to the southwest. The ideally flat surface of the plain is disturbed by small saucer-shaped depressions and shallow dry valleys.
The plain is composed of sands and loams with Lower Quaternary pebbles, which determines the time of its formation. The sloping deluvial-proluvial Middle Quaternary-Holocene plain is located at the foothills of the low-mountain and low-hill terrain.
It is composed of deluvial-proluvial loamy-rubblestone deposits of alluvial plumes and is intersected by a system of dens up to 3-5 meters deep, originating in the mountains. The soils in the Zhusandal steppe are gray-brown, in some places sedimentary-takyr-like, gray-brown, underdeveloped, gravel, takyr-like and takyrs, floodplain meadow, floodplain forest-meadow, sands.
Geographic coordinates of Zhusandala steppe: N44°23'43.48" E74°31'19.90"

"Anyrakay Triangle Historical-Geographical Area and Chronicle of the Great Battle". I.V. Erofeeva, B.Zh. Aubekerov, A.E. Rogozhinsky, B.N. Kaldybekov, B.T. Zhanaev, L.L. Kuznetsova, R.D. Sala, S.A. Nigmatova, J.M.P. Deom. Almaty, 2008. "Dyke Press".

Photos by
Alexander Petrov.