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Mausoleum Nauryzbay Batyr on Bas batyr mountains.

Travel to Kazakhstan.

“Believe your word or the letter of your ruler? An unconfirmed word, like an unread letter, how can one be believed?”

Nauryzbay batyr.

Traveling in Almaty region.

The Nauryzbay Batyr mausoleum is located at an altitude of 868 meters above sea level, on the northern slope of the Bas Batyr mountains, 27 kilometers from the Suyktobe mountain 3273 meters above sea level located in the Zhetyzhol mountains, 5.1 kilometers north and slightly west of the village of Degeres, 6.5 kilometers to the east and slightly north of the Beriktas village, 6.8 kilometers south-west of the Targap village, 4.2 kilometers from the Almaty-Bishkek highway in the Zhambyl district in the south-west of the Almaty region.
The mausoleum was built in 2003 from red brick after reconstruction, a memorial stone was installed nearby. In 1729 he became famous, having defeated Shamalkhan and Kaskelen in the battle of the Kalmyk batyrs.
According to literary and historical data and legends, the name of Nauryzbay became widely known in 1727 - 1731. One of the moments of the batyr’s life is described in the diaries of Karl Miller, Ambassador of the Russian Empire, sent for negotiations with the Huntaiji Galdan Ceren.
Nauryzbay-batyr (Kaz. Nauryzbay Ottymbetuly, 1706 - 1781) is one of the Kazakh commanders from the Shapyrashty clan, which is part of the Senior Zhuz. He fought against the Dzungarian invaders in the 18th century.
He was one of the three standard-bearers of Abylai Khan, (along with Kabanbai and Bogenbai) Born in 1706 in the territory of the current Zhambyl region. When the Dzhungars attacked the Kazakh lands, Nauryzbay was 17 years old. From an early age, he and his brothers participated in migrations, relocations, and in various campaigns.
Having gone through the difficulties of the war, Nauryzbay became a prominent person. He was tall and large in stature. Having paid attention to this, his father raised two foals. Over time, they served the batyr for 18 years.
In 1729, Nauryzbay commanded the Shapyrashtintsev’s troops in the Anirakai battle, where the Kazakhs managed to defeat the Dzungarian troops. In this war, he lost all his brothers. After a short time, Shamal Khan and his commander Kaskelen began to prepare a new attack.
Kazybek-batyr of the Shapyrashty clan decides to put one of his batyrs against Kaskelen and Shamal Khan. Whoever fights with them should have become the commander of the troops of the Elder Zhuz. As a result, they choose Nauryzbay. He collects all his army and goes to the enemies.
Upon learning of this, Shamal exposed his best warriors: Kangyr, Dombayl, and Boraldai. But most of all he has hope for Kaskelen, since he grew up among the Kazakhs and knew their weaknesses well. During the battle, Nauryzbay pierces Kaskelen through with his spear and wins.
After that, Nauryzbay-batyr, having become famous as a great commander, receives the name Shapyrashty Nauryzbay and becomes the commander of the tumen. In the fall, they start the battle again. In the first match batyrs Mambet, Shoibek, Senkibay defeated Mandabar, Kangyr and Dombail. And Nauryzbay himself defeats Shamal Khan.
From this moment, the place where the battle took place, they began to call the Maidan. These battles were the first battles in the life of the batyr. Later, Nauryzbay, up to 70 years old, took part in the battles. He was one of the main until the Kazakh lands were completely liberated from the Dzungarian invaders.
From 1748 to 1753, together with Malay, Kaskara and Malaysary batyrs, he liberated land on the territory of Zhetysu and East Kazakhstan. After the war, he was engaged in the placement of Kazakh clans in the liberated territories.
He was a wise ruler in peacetime, due to which he enjoyed authority among the people. Ambassador of the Russian Empire Karl Miller, sent to negotiate with Galdan Tseren, wrote in his diary one moment in the life of the batyr.
In September 1742, Karl Miller arrived in the village of Batyr Otemis with a group led by Yerali (the son of Abulkhair Khan) and the Dzungarian envoys Burun and Kashka. On September 16, the ambassador, together with this group, stopped in the village of Nauryzbay.
Nauryzbay decided to find out more about Miller, where he came from, who accompanies him and for what purpose he arrived in their area. Miller was sent to Orenburg to pick up a letter from General Neplyuev to Galdan Tseren, in which there was a text - a warning about the cessation of hostilities against the Kazakhs.
Nauryzbay asked for a letter from Miller in order to find out the contents of the letter, but Miller refused the batyr, since the letter was sealed.
Geographic coordinates of the Nauryzbai batyr mausoleum: N43 ° 17'01.10 "E75 ° 47'18.58"

Alexander Petrov.

Photos by:
Alexander Petrov.