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Monument of Gorky in Almaty.

Sights of the Central Park in Almaty.

“A true writer amazes us by saying what we always knew”

Jean Rostand.

A trip from Markakol Lake in Almaty.

The monument was erected in 1940 on the central avenue in the Central Park of Culture and Rest. Gorky, in 2015 was demolished and transferred to the square behind the cinema "Sary-Arka". Alexey Peshkov, better known as writer Maxim Gorky, is a cult figure for Russian and Soviet literature.
He was nominated five times for the Nobel Prize, was the most published Soviet author throughout the entire existence of the USSR, and was considered, along with Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin and Leo Tolstoy, the main creator of Russian literary art.
He was born in the town of Kanavino, which at that time was located in the Nizhny Novgorod province, and now is one of the districts of Nizhny Novgorod. His father Maxim Peshkov was a carpenter, and in the last years of his life he managed a shipping office.
Mother Varvara Vasilievna died of consumption, therefore, Alyosha Peshkova parents were replaced by grandmother Akulina Ivanovna. From the age of 11, the boy was forced to start working: Maxim Gorky was a messenger at the store, a barman on the ship, an assistant to the baker and icon painter.
The biography of Maxim Gorky is reflected by him personally in the novels “Childhood”, “In People” and “My Universities”. After an unsuccessful attempt to become a student at Kazan University and the arrest due to a connection with the Marxist circle, the future writer became a guard on the railway.
And at 23, the young man sets off to wander around the country and managed to reach the Caucasus on foot. It was during this journey that Maxim Gorky briefly writes down his thoughts, which subsequently will be the basis for his future works.
By the way, the first stories of Maxim Gorky began to be published also around that time. Already becoming a famous writer, Alexei Peshkov leaves for the United States, then moves to Italy. This did not happen at all because of problems with the authorities, as some sources sometimes present, but because of changes in family life.
Although abroad, Gorky continues to write revolutionary books. He returned to Russia in 1913, settled in St. Petersburg and began working for various publishing houses. It is curious that, for all Marxist views, Peshkov took the October Revolution rather skeptically.
After the Civil War, Maxim Gorky, who had some disagreements with the new government, went abroad again, but in 1932 he finally returned home. The first of Maxim Gorky's published stories was the famous Makar Chudra, which was published in 1892.
And the writer brought fame to the two-volume "Essays and Stories." Interestingly, the circulation of these volumes was almost three times higher than that usually adopted in those years. Of the most popular works of that period, it is worth noting the stories “The Old Woman Isergil”, “Former People”, “Chelkash”, “Twenty Six and One”, as well as the poem “Song of the Falcon”.
Another poem, “Song of the Petrel,” became a textbook. Maxim Gorky devoted much time to children's literature. He wrote a number of fairy tales, for example, Vorobishko, Samovar, Tales of Italy, published the first special children's magazine in the Soviet Union and organized holidays for children from poor families.
They are very important for understanding the work of the writer of the play Maxim Gorky “At the Bottom”, “Petty Bourgeois” and “Egor Bulychov and Others”, in which he reveals the talent of the playwright and shows how he sees his life.
Of great cultural significance for Russian literature are the novels “Childhood” and “In People”, the social novels “Mother” and “The Case of the Artamonovs”. Gorky’s last work is considered the epic novel “The Life of Klim Samghin”, which has the second title “Forty Years”.
The writer worked on this manuscript for 11 years, but did not manage to finish it. The personal life of Maxim Gorky was quite stormy. The first and officially only time he married at 28 years old. The young man met his wife Ekaterina Volzhina at the Samarskaya Gazeta publishing house, where the girl worked as a proofreader.
A year after the wedding, the son of Maxim appeared in the family, and soon the daughter Catherine, named after her mother. Also on the education of the writer was his godson Zinovy ​​Sverdlov, who later took the surname Peshkov.


Alexander Petrov.