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West Tien-Shan Mountains.

Tours in mountains of the Western Tien-Shan.

“The creation of a thousand forests is in one acorn”

Ralph Waldo Emerson.

Sights of mountains the Western Tien-Shan.

Tens of animal and plant species are included in the Red List of the International Union for Nature Protection and the Red Book of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The careful treatment of them is important for preservation of biodiversity and gene pool and it is of exceptional value for science and selection.
This is obvious, given the fact that the Western Tien-Shan (Tyan-Shan) is one of the world centers of origin of nut wood, fruit and other cultivated plants. The Western Tien-Shan (Tyan-Shan) is nominated for inclusion in the UNESCO World Nature Heritage List. 
This was noted at the summit of experts held by the United Nations Education, Science and Culture Organization (UNESCO) in Tashkent. It addressed the procedure of applying for inclusion of this piece of nature into the World Heritage List.
Only thoroughly selected territories are included in this list. In return, these areas are rendered the overall and immediate support of the international community, they are in priority for attraction of investments to preserve the heritage objects and have additional guarantees for safety and integrity of unique natural complexes. 
The Western Tien-Shan (Tyan-Shan) mountains have a rich animal and plant kingdom with the considerable share of endemic species and communities that cannot be found anywhere in the globe. They include Apollo butterfly, red wolf, snow leopard, Menzibre marmot, Karatau subspecies of wild ram, black vulture, saker falcon, Egyptian vulture.
Numerous types of wild parents of plum, apricot, almonds, walnut, apple and peer trees, grapes, lucerne, onion, tulip - can be found there. Use of wild congeners' gene pool will allow to bring back many lost valuable features.
Thanks to the high concentration of forest biodiversity, the Western Tien-Shan (Tyan-Shan) was included in the list of the Global Key Ecological Regions.  The territory of the Western Tien-Shan (Tyan-Shan) is a place of mixture of plants and animals from different latitudes.
This is why the peculiar combination of northern and southern flora and fauna forms, relict species and communities emerged in this area, are a characteristic for this region. The southern Indian porcupine can pasture with the northern Siberian roe in the same glade; the heat-loving walnut grows shoulder to shoulder with taiga representatives: abies and spruces.
The unique mountain countryis witnessing the intensive modern speciation of numerous new endemics: they emerged there relatively not long ago. This process is exceptionally important for science not least as an example of the natural development but also for regeneration and preservation of similar ecosystems in Eurasia.
Some considerable geological processes have reflected in the nominated area. All main relief forms are presented, various geological structures are combined there; they reflect the gradual stages of crust evolution tracing the life of past geological epochs.
The cluster of well-preserved rocky imprints of plants and animals who inhabited in the basin and on the coasts of the ancient sea that existed there about 150 millions years ago, is of universal importance. Findings include stone imprints of ganoid fish, crustaceans, turtles, mollusks, over 60 species of plants. Insects are represented by 100 species.
There is hardly any other place on Earth with such a rich and interesting burial of Mesozoic insects.  The nominated territory combines the expressive mountain relief, picturesque water bodies, wild caryocarpous and coniferous woods, middle mountain meadows and meadow-steppes, multicolored subalpine tall herbaceous vegetation, alpine meadows.
Deep canyons and gently slopping picturesque gorges with multistep waterfalls, tablelands and inaccessible rock of fanciful forms, the most pure springs and full-flowing rivers, highland lakes neighboring with snow-covered peaks are of exceptional aesthetic importance. It is supplemented by numerous flora and fauna species. Grage and Kaufman tulips of magic beauty, Himalayan snowcock, paradise flycatcher are among them. 
The nominated territory has a huge recreation potential and opportunities for development of ecological tourism. The Ugam-Chotqol State Natural Park is situated there. It was established by the proposal of scientists of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan at the end of the last century on 574 hectares of area and covered almost all south-western spurs of the Western Tien-Shan (Tyan-Shan): Koksu, Ugam, Maydontol, Pskem and Chotqol ranges.
The reserve's heights vary from 900 to 4,000 meters above the sea level, combining middle-mountain, forest and highland zones. The specially protected territory of Chotqol State Biosphere Reserve is the core of the Park.
More than 1,100 species of plants and over 240 vertebrate animals grow and live there. Scientists conduct the background monitoring as well as monitoring of air, water and soil pollutants.

Authority: By Anatoliy Ershov -