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Climate of the Almaty reserve.

Travel to the Almaty reserve.

“At his best, man is the noblest of all animals; separated from law and justice he is the worst”

Aristotle.

Visit of the Almaty reserve.

The territory of the reserve belongs to Zailiysky Alatau mountain climatic area. Climate continental with a late spring and summer maximum of rainfall it is typical for Northern Tien-Shan. The main characteristics of climate - high solar radiation and the difficult nature of atmospheric circulation.
Average annual air temperature fluctuates from 6,8 in low mountains to 0,8 at the upper bound. The minimum average monthly temperatures are noted in January (- 4,3 in the lower part to - 9,7 in top), maximum - in July (from 18,1 to 10,6). In the summer fall of temperature with increase in height is noticeable, this regularity is expressed by a gradient 0,5 - 0,7 on each 100 m.
In the winter temperature increase of air reaches 0,6 on each 100 m up to the height of 1600 - 1800 meters above sea level then consecutive temperature drop is observed - 0,3 by 100 m duration of the cold period in mountains make more than 4 months, and at the height of 3000 m - more than 7 months.
For winter are characteristic day radiation thaw is frequent. Transition from winter by summer in the thermal relation is made the foothills in the first decade of March, at big heights in May. An important climatic factor is the quantity of the dropping-out rainfall and humidity of air.
Their maximum is the share of a middle part of mountains, within heights from 1500 to 2300 m. In the foothills the average annual amount of precipitation makes 555 mm, at the heights of 1600 - 2200 m 840 - 880 mm, and at the height of 2500 - 3000 m - 735 - 750 mm drop out.
Climate indicators naturally change with change of absolute height. In this regard on Northern Tien-Shan are allocated 4 high-rise climatic speak rapidly low mountains the different grass steppe, mid-mountain forest meadow steppe and average mountain coniferous forest, mountainous (subalpine and Alpine meadow and steppe) and nivalny glyatsialny.
In the reserve all parts, except low mountains are presented. Climate of average mountains moderated continental, mountainous - cold, sharply continental. Glacial and perpetual snow belt climate of a zone the most severe.
Average annual temperature makes minus 10 - minus 12 is not present habitual division here on the 4th season. Even in July average monthly air temperature negative, and snow drops out all the year round.

Zailiysky Ala-Tau.River Average Talgar.Among fir-trees in mountains.Flower the Primrose in mountains of Zailiysky Ala-Tau.Flower the Primrose in mountains of Zailiysky Ala Tau.

Authority:
"Zhetysu is the Land of  tourism”. A Tourist Guide-book. Almaty.  2003. 68 p. and the material for this page is taken from the printed edition."Guide to Kazakhstan" “Central Asia Mountains”. 2009, Almaty,Publishing house “Mektep”. Authos Aldar Gorbunov, Anna Ivachenko, Sharipa Bisarieva.

Photos
Alexander Petrov and Sergei Mikhalkov.