You are here

Home » Zhambyl province nature. West-Tien-Shan mountains tourism by nature Kazakhstan.

Kyrgyz Alatau mountains in Kazakhstan.

Ecological tourism in the mountains Kyrgyz Alatau.

"When covered in fog,
Through the dream of mirages and sand
I walked with a lazy caravan
To the wall of invincible ice”

Maximilian Voloshin. Koktebel. November 19, 1919.

Tourism in Kazakhstan mountains.

Kyrgyz Alatau in Kazakhstan is one of the largest mountain systems. Its highest peak is West Alamedin peak - 4875 m. In the Kazakhstani part, the height of the mountains does not exceed 4500 m. To the west, they decrease.
The northern slopes are crumbling and ruined mountains. The surface of the ridge is composed of sandstones, limestones and granites of the Carboniferous period. The Kyrgyz Alatau in Kazakhstan is one of the largest mountain systems.
Its highest peak is Zapadny Alamedin peak - 4875 m. In the Kazakhstan part, the height of the mountains does not exceed 4500 m. To the west, they decrease. The northern slopes are crumbling and ruined mountains. The surface of the ridge is composed of sandstones, limestones and granites of the Carboniferous period.
The ridge has an uneven, strongly dissected surface. This section of the Kyrgyz Alatau on the Kazakh side is of alpine type. The Kazakhstani part of the Western Tien Shan begins with the Talas Alatau (in the vicinity of the city of Taraz).
Then the north-western slopes of the Ugam range stretched, the northern slopes of the top of Manas are all considered to be the territory of Kazakhstan. The Kazakh part of the Talas Alatau - Zhabagly Mountains, divided into two mountain ranges, form the basin of the Aksu-Zhabagly River (the height of the northern ridge is 2600 – 2800 meters above sea level, the southern ridge is 3500 meters above sea level). They also consist of sedimentary igneous rocks of the ancient Paleozoic.
The slopes of the mountains are dissected, they bear traces of ancient glaciation, and are distinguished by alpine type of relief. The Prithashkent Mountains consist of several mountain ranges extending to the south-west of the Talas Alatau.
These include such mountains as Sairam peak with a height of 4,220 meters above sea level, Cox peak with a height of 3,468 meters above sea level, Ugam peak with a height of 3,560 meters above sea level, Karzhantau peak with a height of 2,800 meters above sea level, Kazygurt peak with a height of 1,700 meters above seas.
Their geological histories are similar. All of them are formed from ancient Paleozoic limestones. They are widely distributed karst phenomena. The slopes of the mountains are steep, the relief is dismembered. On the western outskirts of the Western Tien Shan is the ridge Karatau. It extends in the north-west for 400 km, the average height of 1800 meters above sea level.
The highest point is Mynzhylky altitude 2176 meters above sea level. To the north-west it goes down and already at the confluence of the dry beds of the Sarysu and Chu rivers it passes to the plateau. The geological structure of the Karatau relief is similar to the Chu-Ili mountains. It collapses and collapses and levels out.
The northeastern and southwestern mountain ranges of the Karatau ridge are divided by intermountain valleys. If its south-western ridge was formed from the metamorphic rocks of the Proterozoic, then the north-eastern ridge of sandstones and Paleozoic shale.
The valleys located between the two ridges are composed of red sedimentary Devonian rocks. Mesozoic and Cenozoic deposits of limestone, sandstone, and clay are also widespread. The local relief was formed in a dry climate.
There is no permanent surface runoff. The slopes are dissected by large and small canyons and dry river beds. A large supply of minerals was found on the territory of Karatau. They are used for the production of lead, zinc in Shymkent lead-zinc and the supply of Taraz chemical plants with phosphorus raw materials.
Ores are mined by the open method. Karatau is a source of building materials for gypsum, cement, etc., which gives the state a great profit. The folded base of the southwestern and southern parts of the ridge, formed in the Paleozoic era.
The main face of the Tien Shan relief was formed during mountain building in the Neogene and Anthropogenic periods of the Cenozoic era. Proof of this - the earthquakes occurring in the Tien Shan. The general view of the relief of the mountains is not the same. In the mountains, high peaks alternate with ridges with intermountain valleys, hilly plains, etc.
The high-altitude zone of the mountains is formed in direct proportion to the geographical location and the scheme of mountain ranges. The ridge has an uneven, strongly dissected surface. This section of the Kyrgyz Alatau on the Kazakhstan side has a type of alpine relief.
The Kazakh part of the Western Tien Shan begins with the Talas Alatau (in the vicinity of the city of Taraz). Further, the northwestern slopes of the Ugamsky ridge extend; the northern slopes of the Manas peak are all considered to be the territory of Kazakhstan.
The Kazakhstani part of the Talas Alatau - the Zhabagly mountains, divided into two mountain ranges, form the Aksu-Zhabagly river basin (the height of the northern ridge is 2600-2800 meters above sea level, the southern ridge is 3500 meters above sea level).
They also consist of sedimentary igneous rocks of the ancient Paleozoic. The slopes of the mountains are dissected, bear traces of ancient glaciation, differ in alpine type of relief. The Pashtashkent mountains consist of several mountain ranges extending southwest of Talas Alatau.
These mountains include: Sairam peak 4220 meters above sea level, Koksu peak 3468 meters above sea level, Ugam peak 3560 meters above sea level, Karzhantau peak 2800 meters above sea level, Kazygurt peak 1700 meters above sea level seas.
Their geological histories are similar. All of them are formed from limestones of the ancient Paleozoic. Karst phenomena are widespread in them. The slopes of the mountains are steep, the relief is dissected. On the western edge of the Western Tien Shan lies the Karatau Range.
It extends northwest for 400 km, with an average height of 1800 meters above sea level. The highest point is Mynzhylky with a height of 2176 meters above sea level. It goes down to the north-west and at the confluence of dry riverbeds Sarysu and Chu already passes to the plateau.
The geological structure of the relief of Karatau is similar to the Chu-Ili mountains. It settles and collapses and is leveled. The northeastern and southwestern mountain ranges of the Karatau ridge are separated by intermountain valleys.
If its southwestern ridge was formed from metamorphic rocks of the Proterozoic, then the northeast ridge from sandstones and shales of the Paleozoic. The valleys located between the two ridges are composed of red sedimentary rocks of the Devonian.
Mesozoic and Cenozoic deposits of limestone, sandstone and clay are also widespread. Local relief was formed in a dry climate. There is no constant surface runoff. The slopes are divided by large and small gorges and dry river beds. On the territory of Karatau, a large reserve of minerals was found.
They are used to produce lead and zinc at the Shymkent lead-zinc and to provide phosphorus raw materials to the chemical plants of Taraz. Ores are mined open pit. Karatau is a source of building materials for gypsum, cement, etc., which gives the state a big profit.
The folded base of the southwestern and southern parts of the ridge formed in the Paleozoic era. The main appearance of the Tien Shan relief was formed during mountain formation in the Neogene and Anthropogenic periods of the Cenozoic era.
The proof of this is the earthquakes occurring in the Tien Shan. The general view of the relief of the mountains varies. In the mountains, high peaks alternate, ridges with intermountain valleys, hilly plains, etc. The altitudinal zone of the mountains is formed in direct dependence of the geographical position and the scheme of mountain ranges.

Mountains of the Kyrgyz Range in Kazakhstan.Mountains of the Kyrgyz Range in Kazakhstan.Mountains of the Kyrgyz Range in Kazakhstan.Mountains of the Kyrgyz Range in Kazakhstan.Mountains of the Kyrgyz Range in Kazakhstan.Mountains of the Kyrgyz Range in Kazakhstan.Mountains of the Kyrgyz Range in Kazakhstan.Mountains of the Kyrgyz Range in Kazakhstan.Mountains of the Kyrgyz Range in Kazakhstan.Mountains of the Kyrgyz Range in Kazakhstan.Mountains of the Kyrgyz Range in Kazakhstan.

Authority:
Books: “The Nature of the Trans-Ili Alatau”, M.Zh. Zhandaev, ed. Kazakhstan, Alma-Ata, 1978 “Across the Northern Tien Shan,” V.N. Vukolov, Moscow, Profizdat, 1991. Pozdeev-Bashta A. Mountain trails in Almaty. - 2nd ed. - Almaty, 1998. Pospelov E. M. To the tourist about geographical names. - M., 1988. A. Gorbunov. Mountains of Central Asia. Explanatory Dictionary of Geographical Names and Terms. " - Almaty, 2006. Murzaev EM. Geography in the names. - M., 1982

Photos
Alexander Petrov.